Skeleton·ID user guides

On this page you will find guidelines for the correct use of Skeleton-ID.

3D Image Acquisition using Medical Images

Updated on June 5, 2023

Computed tomography X-ray computed tomography (usually abbreviated to CT) is a common medical imaging technique that provides detailed, three dimensional internal images of the human body. A CT scan can be considered as the 3D counterpart of X-ray radiography. Rather than a single 2D image, a CT scan is a 3D volume, the content of […]

3D Image Acquisition using Structured-Light Scanners

Updated on June 5, 2023

Craniofacial Identification techniques, such as craniofacial superimposition (CFS), craniofacial reconstruction (CFR) and others are based on the use of 2D or 3D images of the face and skull [1] to try to establish the identity of an individual. Historically, these procedures have been carried out only with photographs due to the lack of the necessary […]

How to display the IP in Ubuntu 20.04

Updated on March 21, 2022

In this article we will show you how to display the IP address in the graphical interface of a computer running Ubuntu 20.04 LTS.

Decision-making and reporting

Updated on July 5, 2023

Once we have performed a skull-face overlay and we have filled in the evaluations tab with the analyzed criteria, we will be able to access the decision-making section and generate an automatic report on the case.

Evaluation of anatomical consistency

Updated on July 5, 2023

The present manual was designed to compile and illustrate the criteria to be used in the assessment of consistency between the superimposed skull and photography, analyzing anatomical criteria such as the concordance between the outlines of the face and the skull, the positional relationship of specific facial and skeletal features and soft tissue thickness.

MEPROCS Methodological Framework

Updated on July 10, 2023

In general, experts in the field of CFS tend to apply their own approach to the problem, depending on the technology available in their laboratory. For example, when scaling images of the face and skull, some researchers focus on specific sets of homologous landmarks, others rely more on a fit of skull and facial contours or seek morphological consistency.

Skull-face overlay

Updated on July 5, 2023

Once the cephalometric and craniometric landmarks have been placed, we will be able to access the skull-face overlay scene.
In this scene, by default, the skull projected on the facial photograph will appear in the center of the image.

3D Craneometric Landmarks

Updated on July 5, 2023

This manual detail the main craniometric points used in anthropological studies, including those normally used in craniofacial identification and those used for the measurement of craniometric indexes and planes.

2D Cephalometric Landmarks

Updated on July 5, 2023

This manual has been designed to support users with methodological guidelines for the analysis of facial images by establishing anatomical landmarks.

3D Image Acquisition using Photogrammetry

Updated on August 7, 2023

In this article, we are taking a look at an alternative 3D scanning system based on photogrammetry, consisting of two DSLR cameras combined with 3D reconstruction software. The technique used here is called 3D reconstruction from multiple images.


Quick Reference Guide to Craniofacial Superimposition

Quick reference guide for craniofacial landmarks and best practises for your daily work with this identification method.